Statement Regarding Outcome Measures

Outcomes determine whether you are achieving the purpose of the program by describing how the program’s activities changed its participants and/or the situation/environment. Outcome statements articulate changes in knowledge, skills, attitudes, values, behavior, condition or status (i.e. increase, decrease, improve).

Outcome indicators are the specific items of information (data) that track a project’s success relating to outcomes. They describe observable, measurable characteristics or changes that represent achievement of an outcome. Indicators should also include target number and/or percentage changes to be achieved with the project during the grant period (i.e. skills, knowledge, abilities, behavior, etc.).

The Basic Guide to Outcomes-Based Evaluation for Nonprofit Organizations with Very Limited Resources, developed by Carter McNamara, a management consultant in St. Paul, Minnesota is a quick and useful tool for learning more about outcome-based evaluation.  This online guide is available to view at:

For more information on evaluations, you may also check out the evaluation resource page at:

As a short-term funder, Waco Foundation acknowledges that the outcomes you propose are likely to be initial or intermediate in nature. Long-term outcomes will generally be beyond the scope of evaluation for a Waco Foundation grant. These distinctions are explained in the reading cited above.